How to keep students from taking control of TEAMS meetings

Watch this video….


Meeting policy settings – Designated presenter role mode

This is a per-user policy. This setting lets you change the default value of the Who can present? setting in Meeting options in the Teams client. This policy setting affects all meetings, including Meet Now meetings.

The Who can present? setting lets meeting organizers choose who can be presenters in a meeting. To learn more, see Change participant settings for a Teams meeting and Roles in a Teams meeting.

Currently, you can only use PowerShell to configure this policy setting. You can edit an existing Teams meeting policy by using the Set-CsTeamsMeetingPolicy cmdlet. Or, create a new Teams meeting policy by using the New-CsTeamsMeetingPolicy cmdlet and assign it to users.

To specify the default value of the Who can present? setting in Teams, set the DesignatedPresenterRoleMode parameter to one of the following:

  • EveryoneUserOverride: All meeting participants can be presenters. This is the default value. This parameter corresponds to the Everyone setting in Teams.
  • EveryoneInCompanyUserOverride: Authenticated users in the organization, including guest users, can be presenters. This parameter corresponds to the People in my organization setting in Teams.
  • EveryoneInSameAndFederatedCompanyUserOverride: Authenticated users in the organization, including guest users and users from federated organizations, can be presenters. This parameter corresponds to the People in my organization and trusted organizations setting in Teams.
  • OrganizerOnlyUserOverride: Only the meeting organizer can be a presenter and all meeting participants are designated as attendees. This parameter corresponds to the Only me setting in Teams.
Teams meetings: Presenter and attendee rolesBY  LINUS CANSBY · In Teams meetings everybody are Presenters. With the presenter role you can mute others kick them out from the meeting or take over the meeting and start presenting. In larger meetings this can be a bit problematic. But now with a new feature you can select who should be a presenter and should be attendee, this is controlled from Meeting Options for your meeting. Earlier you were only able to control who could bypass the lobby in Meeting Options, read more about it here.

Roll out starts: mid-November
Roll out completed: Late November

When you schedule your meeting in Outlook you have the option “Meeting Options”, click on that link while holding CTRL-button.

From Teams calendar you can also select Meeting options, but you have to send the meeting first. It is after you sent away the meeting invite you can see Meeting Options in the meeting.

Here you can select who should be a presenter (Who can present?).

  • Everyone (default) – This is the option that will be selected if you don’t change anything. Everyone in the meeting will be a presenter when they join.
  • People in my organization – People in the same Office 365 tenant as you will be presenters when they join the meeting
  • Specific people – Select who should be a presenter. You have to send the invite util you can select other presenters.
  • Only me – The egoistic choice but maybe the easiest.

Specific People

To select specific people send your invite first, then select the meeting options link. You can only select people from your organisation, not external attendees.

  1. Select Specific People in the “Who can present”-dropdown (1).
  2. Search for a participant (have to be invited to the meeting first (2). Or:
  3. Use the drop down to select one or many presenters.

Change in an active meeting

If you have an active meeting and what to change a presenter to an attendee role instead first click on the People button.

Update You can reach Meeting Options from the People pane, click on the Manage permissions button and a web browser will open with Meeting Options. This is useful if you start a meeting with “Meet now”.

Manage permissions is now available in active meetings

In the People pane select select More options (…) next to the person you want to make an attendee, then select Make an attendee. You will get an warning first, select Change on that to perform the change.

Roles in a meeting

Capability Organizer Presenter Attendee
Speak and share video checkmark checkmark checkmark
Participate in meeting chat checkmark checkmark checkmark
Share content checkmark checkmark
Privately view a PowerPoint file shared by someone else checkmark checkmark checkmark
Take control of someone else’s PowerPoint presentation checkmark checkmark
Mute other participants checkmark checkmark
Remove participants checkmark checkmark
Admit people from the lobby checkmark checkmark
Change the roles of other participants checkmark checkmark
Start or stop recording checkmark checkmark
George Sumner
Curriculum Specialist
Technical Integration Specialist
Fayette County Schools
111 Fayette Avenue
Fayetteville, West Virginia

304-673-8634 Mobile
304-564-8634 Google Voice
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Preview YouTube video How to prevent students from removing and muting others in Microsoft Teams meeting

Schoology Video Series & Discussion Support

4 Part Video series, Bus video,

Click the link below to access the 4 part Video Series on Learning About Schoology and Online Learning.


Read the article below in its entirety to understand how to create, manage and grade Discussions in your Schoology Courses, or use the links below to jump to specific topics:

Creating Discussions

You can create an interactive Discussion for your students. Each Discussion has threaded commenting that allows students to respond to any post by another student. These comments can also be moderated, which will require a Course Admin (the teacher) to approve each post before it is published. Deleted posts will are listed under Moderate Posts in the Course Options in the left column of the Course Profile.

To create a discussion, follow these steps:

  1. Click Add Materials 
  2. Select Add Discussion.
  3. Fill out the Discussion form.
    • Enter a Description (optional instructions for the Discussion).
    • To have the Discussion appear in the Upcoming feed, enter a Due Date. If you do not enter a Due Date, the Discussion will remain accessible in the Discussions index or Course Folder.
    • To make the Discussion a graded item, check Enable Grading and adjust the grading preferences.
  4. Options
    • Use Individually Assign (Enterprise only)to only display the discussion to a specific member of a course or a grading group.
    • Add Learning Objectives to add a custom learning objective, common core, or state standard. Once you have aligned your material with learning objectives, use the Mastery tool to track your students’ progress.
    • Lock prevents students from posting in the discussion. You may want to lock the discussion after the due date has passed.
    • Published enables you to display or hide the discussion from your students.
    • Members can see other responses before participating: You can decide if students are able to see their peers’ responses before they post. If this is enabled, the other students’ posts will be greyed out:

      You may choose this option to encourage originality in your students’ posts.
    • Shared Discussion: Enables sharing the discussion with other courses. Shared discussions cannot be graded.
    • Copy to Course: Click this to simultaneously create this discussion in another section you administer
  5. Click Create to complete.

Note: Discussions can also be created within course folders, or added to folders after their creation.

Sharing Discussions

Click Here to see our article on Shared Discussions

You can share your ungraded discussion with other courses. This option is located in the Advanced options at the bottom of the popup window when creating a discussion.

Sharing the discussion will give the discussion a ShareID that other instructors can use to join their classes into the same discussion. You can also automatically share the discussion with your courses and sections.

Limitations of Shared Discussions:

  • If you do not see the option to share the discussion under Advanced, it is likely that Grading is enabled. Graded discussions cannot be shared with other courses.
  • You cannot share discussions after they have been created.
  • Shared discussions are not available across linked sections.

Reading Discussion Posts

Course admins and students see the discussion toolbar, which floats at the top of the discussion as you scroll through the posts. 

The toolbar includes the following tools:

Post Count and Unread Posts

The Post Count displays the total number of posts and replies on the discussion. The Unread Posts displays the number of posts and replies that have been added since you last loaded the page.Note: Openinga discussion on the mobile app does not affect the Unread Posts count. Posts that you read while logged into the Schoology mobile app will still be marked as unread the next time you log in to the web version. 

Unread Posts are highlighted in orange on the right side of the post, such as in the example below:

Expand All and Collapse All

On very long discussions, you may find it useful to use Collapse All to make the page easier to scan and to find posts more quickly. Clicking Collapse All truncates all posts and hides all replies to each post. 

To expand the text on a particular post, click Read More next to where the post is truncated. 

To show the replies on a particular post, click View Replies below the post.

To display all posts and all replies, click Expand All

Scroll to Top

When you are finished reading the latest posts by your students, you can quickly jump back to the top of the discussion in one click by clicking the Scroll to Top icon in the toolbar:

Formatting Posts

Sometimes, students opt to draft their discussion posts in another program — such as Microsoft Word or another text editor — and then copy and paste the response into the Schoology discussions post field. Copying and pasting can sometimes bring in unwanted formatting from another program. If this happens, encourage your students to use the new Remove Formatting button in the post field.

Grading Discussion Posts

Highlight User

Click Highlight User to filter posts by author. Clicking Highlight User displays a list of members in the course, accompanied by the number of posts each member has contributed to this discussion. The total posts appear in green, and the number of posts you have not yet read appears in orange. Students who have not yet posted to the discussion appear at the bottom of the drop-down menu under Not Submitted.

Selecting a student from the drop-down menu highlights all of the posts that student has created in this discussion, allowing you to see all of the discussion posts by a particular student at a glance.

Unread Posts

Discussions are one of the most dynamic course material types on Schoology. To help you stay organized and keep track of the posts you haven’t seen yet while grading students’ posts to a discussion, you can now see the number of unread posts on a discussion right from the Course Materials page. The number of unread posts appears in orange next to the discussion’s title.

Administering Discussions

Course Admins have a star icon next to their names on discussion posts. This helps students see at a glance which posts may be directions or feedback from the instructor, and which are from their fellow students.

To delete or edit students’ posts:

  1. Hover to the far right of the post and click the three vertical dots.
  2. Click Edit or Delete.
  3. Click Delete to confirm or enter your change and click Save Changes


Students who have not yet received a grade for the discussion have the grading button and orange indicator next to their post.

Clicking the grading button brings up the grading window, where you are able to enter a grade and a comment for the student. This grade applies to all of the students’ posts on the discussion, not just the one you have selected.

Fixing Schoology “Bad Request Error”

Web Browsers – How to Fix a “Bad Request” Error

This document describes what to do if you receive a 400 Bad Request error message upon loading a website.


When you attempt to access a website, you may sometimes instead receive a “Bad Request” error message where the website content should have loaded. This error often contains the number “400” and may include additional text, such as “Your browser sent a request that this server could not understand. Size of a request header field exceeds server limit.”


First, check the website URL you entered to make sure it is correct. If the web address appears to be entered correctly, then the issue can usually be resolved by clearing your browser’s cache and cookies.

For instructions on performing these steps, download the document from the link above that explains how to do this for the web browser you are using.


Click to access web-browsers-how-to-fix-a-22bad-request22-error.pdf


Assignments on Schoology

Creating an Assignment

To create an assignment, use the Add Materials button at the top of your Course Materials page. You can also access the Add Materials button from within a folder.

  1. Click Add Materials.
  2. Select Add Assignment. 
  3. Fill out the Create Assignment form.
    • Enter a Description. Here, you can enter directions your students will need to complete the assignment
    • Set a Due Date to place the assignment in the Course Calendar and Upcoming area. This will also enable Overdue notifications if a student fails to submit the assignment by the due date.
    • Select a Grading Category from the dropdown. If you do not select a grading category, it will default to Ungraded, and will not appear in your gradebook.
    • Select a Scale or Rubric from the dropdown menu. To learn more about grading scales and rubrics, see our article on Setting Up Your Gradebook
  4. OptionsAssignmentOptions.gif
    Use Options to turn on/off the following features:
    • Use Individually Assign to only display the assignment to a specific member of the course or a grading group.
    • Align Learning Objectives to add a custom learning objective, common core, or state standard. 
      Enterprise users: Once you have aligned your material with learning objectives, use the Mastery tool to track your students’ progress
    • Lock prevents students from making submissions. You may want to lock the assignment after the due date has passed.
    • Enable Submissions: Click the dropbox icon to provide an area for students to submit work. You can opt to disable submissions if the assignment does not require something in return from the student – for example, reading homework.  
    • Published to student: opt to show or hide the assignment from the student view.
    • Grade Statistics displays the statistics for the assignments to students, which is located in an icon above assignment submissions.
    • Enable Comments: This allows students to comment on the assignment. 
    • Copy to Courses: Copy the assignment with the current settings and options to another course.
  5. Click Create to complete.


Once you click Create, the description and any additional files or links will appear on the assignment, along with the Submissions and comment tools. From this screen, you can manage assignment submissions, grade students, and participate in the comments area.

Assignment Submissions

When a student makes a submission to an assignment, you will receive a notification at the top of Schoology:


The Submissions feature is located in the right column of the Assignment. You can also access it by clicking the Assignment listed in the Calendar. Use this area to manage student-submitted files.

Submitted files are organized by On Time and Late,based on the assignment’s Due Date. You can download or view each individual file, or you can download all assignments in a bulk .zip file.

Note: The Download All option has a limit of 500MB. If the cumulative size of all submissions to the assignment exceeds this limit, each submission can be downloaded individually from the document viewer.

Grading Assignments

Document Viewer

The Document Viewer enables you to view and/or annotate student assignment submissions directly through your Schoology account. To use the Document Viewer, click a submission.

In the Document Viewer, you can:

  • Comment and discuss in the right column.
  • View the date and time submitted for each submission.
  • Upload a file to the comment/discussion feed.
  • Highlight selected text. 
  • Comment in the document.
  • Strikeout selected text.
  • Draw on the document.
  • Grade the assignment.
  • Download the file and save it on your computer.
  • Return the annotated/graded assignment to the student just by clicking Save Changes.


Note: The Schoology Doc Viewer supports the following file types: .doc, .docx, .html, .odt, .pdf, .rtf, .text, .ppt, .pptx, .swf, .xls, .xlsx, .mp3, .mp4, .mov, .wav, .wmv, and many more. The submission viewer does notconvert Apple Pages, Numbers or Keynote files, but you may download these submissions onto your computer. You cannot annotate all file types (media files, for example) using the Annotation tool bar.

Returning Assignments

The Submissions Viewer feature enables you to “return” assignments to students by clicking the Save Changesbutton in the bottom-right corner of a document. If you use a third-party annotation program, you can upload your revised document to the comments/discussion area to the right of the student’s submission.

If you plan to have students submit multiple revisions of the same assignment, you can leave comments in the right column, where you will see a history of submissions and comments.

You can delete any comments posted by you or the student. Simply hover the cursor to the far right of the comment and click X, then click Submit to confirm.

You can enter a grade directly on a submission in the upper-right corner of the document viewer.

When you click the Grade field, you can enter a grade based on the grading scale or rubric you selected while creating the assignment, along with a comment. The comment entered here will appear in the gradebook. It will also display in the student’s Grades area of the course if you check Show to Student. After entering a grade and a comment (optional), click Submit to save.

Schoology and Using TEAMS

Schoology’s integration with Microsoft Teams provides teachers and students with an easy way to create, access, and collaborate using Teams meetings within Schoology for remote learning.

This integration includes the following features:

  • Real-time sharing of audio, video, slides, chat, and your screen.
  • Teachers can hold live audio and video conferences with up to 250 participants.
  • Enable schools and organizations to deliver a high-quality learning experience to remote students.

The Teams Meeting app can be installed for courses from the Schoology App Center. Alternatively, system administrators can install the app for all courses.

This article covers the workflow for the Teams Meeting integration. Learn more about meetings in Microsoft Teams here

Tables of Contents

Install the app

Instructors can install the Microsoft Teams Meeting app from the Schoology App Center directly to each course they administer. System Administrators can install the app for all courses in their organization.

System Administrator installation guide

To install the app at the district level:

  1. Click the App Center icon App_Center.png at the top of Schoology, then click App Center.
  2. Locate the Microsoft Teams Meeting app and click the title. You can access it here.
  3. Click Install App.
  4.  Click I Agree to the terms to continue with the installation.
  5. To add the app to your school or organization, select the option to Add to Organization.
    Note: You can also install the app for specific school buildings. Find more information here.
  6. You will be directed to Organization Apps to continue the installation.
  7. Click Install/Remove to the right of the app title.
  8. Select the option to install the app to All Courses.
  9. Select Course admins only.
    11_MS_Teams_Course_Admins.pngNote: The app should be installed for instructors only. Students should not have access to the app.
  10. Click Submit to complete.

Instructor installation guide

Note: If you do not have the permission to install apps, reach out to your Support Contact.

To install the app at the course level:

  1. Click the App Center icon App_Center.png at the top of Schoology, then click App Center.
  2. Locate the Microsoft Teams Meeting app and click the title. You can access it here.
  3. Click Install App.
  4.  Select the desired course(s).
  5. Select Course admins only.
    Note: The app should be installed for instructors only. Students should not have access to the app.
  6. Click Install to complete.

Back to top

Create a Teams Meeting

To create a Teams Meeting within a course:

  1. Click Teams Meeting from the left of your course.
  2.  Sign in with your Microsoft account if this is your first time scheduling a meeting.
  3. Once signed in, click Create meeting link.
  4. Enter a title for your meeting and select a date and time.
  5. Click Create.
  6. Click Copy to copy the automatically generated meeting link and paste it to a course update, calendar event or course material.

Back to top

Join a Team Meeting

To join a Team Meeting:

  1. Click the meeting link located in Schoology.
  2. You can choose to access the meeting from the Microsoft Teams desktop app or via web browser:
  3.  If you have the desktop app, click the Open Microsoft Teams prompt:
    Alternatively, click Join on the web instead to join the meeting in a separate tab in your browser.
    Note: Sign in to your Microsoft Team account in a separate browser tab or on the desktop app before joining a meeting.
  4. You may be prompted to allow access to your microphone and camera. Click Allow.
  5. Click Join now to enter the meeting. 

To join a Teams Meeting from a mobile device or tablet:

  1. Download the Microsoft Teams app and sign in to your account.
  2. Click the meeting link located in the Schoology app.
  3. Click the Share icon iOS_Share.PNG and Open in Safari to launch the Microsoft Teams app and automatically join the meeting.
    Above, the Microsoft Team meetings view on an iPad.
  4. Alternatively, you can access Schoology from the mobile browser. Click the Teams Meeting link in Schoology to launch the Microsoft Teams app and automatically join the meeting.

Beginners Guide to Schoology

For those of you out there who need a little refresher, and for those of you just starting out (Welcome, by the way), we’ve put together a quick overview of navigating the platform that will be available here on the blog and in our Help Center.

Navigate Schoology Like a Pro

If you look up at the top of your screen, you’ll see three main areas —  Courses, Groups, and Resources—and some icons and your name on the upper right. This top navigation is always available, no matter where you are on the site. Make sure to familiarize yourself with it, because you’ll be using it a ton. (If you are a system admin or have Advisor access, you might see an additional area called Tools).

And keep in mind that Schoology streamlines navigation. There are multiple ways to get basically anywhere you want to go, so don’t hesitate to try something new and see what happens.

Home Page

Your Home Page is where you will start every time you log into Schoology. There are two main tabs on your Home Page:  Recent Activity and Course Dashboard. Depending on your preference, the Recent Activity tab is perfect for sending mass messages, posting updates, making calendar events, and the Course Dashboard is perfect for jumping directly into your courses.

There are two main components to your Recent Activity area:


Nearly everything on this page is clickable for quick and efficient navigation, so click away.

Central Column—This column shows a condensed feed of posts that relate to you, your courses, and your groups. It also enables you to post updates, announcements, and polls with files and links attached.  (Pro tip! Posting an update or an assignment on the Recent Activity feed is a quick way to post to multiple places at once.)

Upcoming Feed—All your assignments, due dates, and calendar events are organized in chronological order.

For more information on your Home Page, see this help guide article.

Course Dashboard

The other tab on the home page (which might be your default) is the Course Dashboard. This is where you can navigate to your active courses, which for most teachers and students, is automatically populated based on your courses in the Student Information System (or SIS).


Your courses are your digital learning environments. This is where you will put learning content, grade materials, and communicate with your students. Your courses contain all your instructional items (e.g., files, assignments, and assessments) along with communication and organizational tools strictly associated with the course.

You can set up and organize your courses in many different ways. Your course materials can be set up by week, section, topic, whatever. You can even set up in what order your students must complete each item using the Student Completion feature for a self-paced approach to learning. However you decide to do it, consider one word of advice: Organize everything with folders. This makes it easier for both you and your students.

You can learn more about courses from our Help Center.


The Groups area can be used in many different ways — from professional development to book clubs — so the best way to learn about their potential is simply by exploring some of our Public Groups, like Schoology Educators.  Basically, Groups are collaborative spaces where you can share ideas and resources, organize events, and connect with others.


Groups are a great way to build or expand your personal learning communities (PLCs) on a global scale.

You’ll notice that your Groups look very similar to Courses. Groups are more about communication, collaboration, and resource sharing. They can be set up for students, parents, and educators — basically for any group that needs to connect, collaborate, and communicate with others, enabling all members to work together for a variety of purposes.

You can find out more about Groups from our Help Center.


The Resources area is a centralized place where all of your instructional and shared Group materials are kept. It is a place where you can manage all your files, assignments, assessments, learning outcomes, and badges.  Best of all, it has unlimited storage.

You can import files, create new resources, and copy or move them into any or all of your courses quickly. You can also share resources with your groups and download them from our Public Resources area. Course items, folders, and even entire courses can be copied in your resources for use on a later date.

If you use folders to organize everything in your courses, they will stay just as organized when you move them to your resources. If you don’t, everything will be loose and much harder to find and repurpose.


The Resources area has three main sections:

Left Side Navigation—This enables you to switch between your Personal, Public, and Group Resources. This is also where you can connect Resource Apps, like Google Drive and Microsoft OneDrive.

My Resources —These are your personal and shared resource collections (collections are kind of like different filing cabinets). You can switch between collections here

Main Window —This is where you can create, view, edit, and manage all your resources.

You can learn all about Resources in our Help Center.

Personal Profile  

In the top right corner, you’ll see your name with a downward-facing arrow. By clicking on the arrow, you can modify your personal and account settings such as profile picture, privacy, notification settings (email, text, and push notifications), and more.  This is also where you can see any received badges and your Portfolio(s).

You can learn more about managing your Account and Profile in our Help Center articles.

That’s pretty much all you need to know to start navigating Schoology like a pro. There is always more to learn, so make sure to check out our Help Center with step by step info on using the platform.

Beginners Guide to Schoology

Microsoft TEAMS Best Practices and Settings

When creating a meeting link in Schoology, be sure  to manage your meeting settings PRIOR to copying your link

  1. You have options to consider:

Do you want your students to bypass the lobby or wait to be admitted?  Setting who can bypass the lobby to Only me will ensure that only you, as the meeting organizer, can join the meeting directly. This will ensure that your students will need to wait in the lobby until you admit them into the meeting. This will stop students from joining the meeting unattended.

Who do you want to present?  If you’re organizing a meeting with multiple attendees, you may want to assign roles to each participant to determine who can do what in the meeting.   There are two roles to choose from: presenter and attendee. Presenters can do just about anything that needs doing in a meeting, while the role of an attendee is more controlled. 

Below are the specific capabilities of each role:

Speak and share videocheckmark  checkmark  checkmark  
Participate in meeting chatcheckmark  checkmark  checkmark  
Share contentcheckmark  checkmark   
Privately view a PowerPoint file shared by someone elsecheckmark  checkmark  checkmark  
Take control of someone else’s PowerPoint presentationcheckmark  checkmark   
Mute other participantscheckmark  checkmark   
Remove participantscheckmark  checkmark   
Admit people from the lobbycheckmark  checkmark   
Change the roles of other participantscheckmark  checkmark   
Start or stop recordingcheckmark  checkmark   

Below is a summary of the options you have available:

Who can present?What happens
EveryoneAnyone who has access to the meeting link will join the meeting as a presenter. 
People in my organizationOnly people in your org will be presenters. External participants will join as attendees.
Specific peopleOnly people you choose from the list of invitees will be presenters. Everyone else will join as attendees.
Only meOnly the organizer will be a presenter. All other participants will join as attendees.
  • Be sure to END the meeting instead of simply LEAVING the meeting.  If not, the meeting could continue without you, which could end in inappropriate discussions that could ultimately be part of your recording.

End a Teams meeting for everyone in attendance

Microsoft Teams

Meeting organizers have the option to end the meeting for all participants. If you’re a teacher, for example, this is a great way to make sure your students don’t hang around in your virtual classroom after you’ve left. 

To end an in-progress meeting, go to your meeting controls and select More options More options button  > End meeting

You’ll be asked to confirm. When you do, the meeting will end for everyone right away. 

Original Document

Thanks Tina Chapman!

Schoology Tools- PDF conversion-Bitmoji- more! This is a GREAT tool to convert files!! Versatile annotation tool- critically connect with content….. look at the review:

Loom- videos- With Loom, you can record your screen, voice, and face to create an instantly shareable video

How to make a PDF that you can edit.

PDF to editable document

Create Digital worksheets

Interactive worksheet on Google Slides

Bitmojis in Schoology

How to create Bitmoji classroom

Instructor Guide

Completion Rules- Set to finish a folder before advancing….

Integrate Writing into assignments

Schoology Status

For any chemistry teachers – how-to video to have the kids see how the assessment questions will look. In case you needed some ideas for those DA and mole conversion problems.



  • Go to Schoology and click on Course Options.
  • Then click Edit Privacy/ Course Settings
    1. When that page opens, click on the top heading called Course Privacy Settings and find Materials on the list. Come across and click on the box labeled Course so that it turns green and is checked. This will keep anyone from editing your materials.
    2. Scroll down to the heading Other Settings.
  • You will see the green boxes checked under All Members—click on the boxes under Course Admin Only. (unless you want your students to be able to edit your page!!)